Research activities on compensation areas
Which insect species can be seen on extensive greened flat roofs that are used by Insect Respect as compensation areas?
In collaboration with the association of westphalian entomologists and the federal research institute for forest, snow and landscape (WSL, biodiversity and nature conservation biology) Insect Respect researched 2016 contemporaneous the insect fauna on the compensation areas on the office building of Reckhaus GmbH & Co. KG in Bielefeld (4 years old) and the swiss compensation area in Gais (1 year old).
In this connection, the primary interest was to get to know, which kinds pupulate the roofs after the particular creation year and if kinds of the Red List appear.
a) Compensation area Bielefeld
The catched insects and other arthropods were identified by an intended team under the direction of the association of westphalian entomologists. Some of the Red List kinds were found. You can inspect the final report here (pdf, in German).
b) Compensation area in Gais
The catched animals are being analysed by the mentioned research team. The document „Insektenuntersuchung 2016 Gais“ (pdf, in German) explicates the investigation method and informs about results who are already in existance.
"Insect Hits by Cars" Research Project
How many insects lose their lives on a windshield? A Swiss ecological consulting firm has looked into this question on behalf of INSECT RESPECT®. The result: the number of road casualties, which nobody thinks of, is serious. About 4000 insects were killed per 100 travelled kilometers. A compensation model should help to neutralise the insect hits by driving cars in the future.
Every driver knows the picture all too well: Especially in the summer, the windshield, license plate, radiator grill and other front parts of the vehicle are plastered with dead insects. To make the public aware of the losses for the ecosystem and to sensitise them towards the value of these insects, INSECT RESPECT® commissioned the Swiss ecological consulting firm ARNAL, Büro für Natur und Landschaft AG (Herisau) with the measurement of insect hits by driving cars.
An old beetle as an entomologist
The results give use food for thought: On little more than 300 travelled kilometres, 11,800 insects were killed, on average one insect every 27 metres or each second (values may vary strongly depending on the region and the weather). Thrips, bees, wasps, flies, mites, beetles, aphids, bugs and a spider were among the victims.
The test runs in September of 2013 were performed on a section of motorway in eastern Switzerland, at an average speed of 100 km/h. The test vehicle was, fitting to the theme, a VW Beetle equipped with adhesive film on the front windshield and on the license plate.
Compensation Following the Example of Eco-Neutral Biocides
It is not possible to prevent insects from being killed by travelling vehicles. However, at least INSECT RESPECT® can help to compensate for these losses in the future. According to the principle of eco-neutral biocides, insect-friendly compensation areas are to be created for this purpose, which neutralise the impacts caused by humans on the insect population. A possible application for road traffic could look like this: Motorists voluntarily buy a "compensation vignette" for the number of travelled kilometres per year and apply it onto their vehicle.
Next Stop – the Research Continues
In a further step, INSECT RESPECT® is planning to perform tests with a locomotive. Because railway tracks are more deeply integrated in nature than motorways, the researchers expect even more insect hits here.
Insect Respect joins forces with various universities, colleges and research institutes including:
University St. Gallen
Market launch „Insect Respect“: strategies for the change of a branch
Research, visit, elaborated thesis, presentation
Integration seminar, 6th semester, business administration
January until May 2016
Berlin School of Creative Leadership
„The Power of Art in Business – How Organizations Can Learn form Art and Artists“
Using the example of Insect Respect
Master Thesis, Roman Burch, 2015
University of Applied Sciences Luzern
Deployment of a market development strategy for Insect Respect
Bachelor thesis, Nicole Bachmann, 2015
ZHAW Zurich School of Management and Law
„Innovation within the company – focus on innovative character's properties“
Bachelor thesis, Doreen Hungerbühles, 2015
Testing the efficacy of a horsefly trap
For the purpose of a product trial the horsefly trap TAON-X was tested by the staff of Insect Respect. It was an established, non-poisoned trap for the combat of different kinds of horseflies (Tabanoidae), as often used by horse owners. Within the research there was a special interest in which kinds of horseflies are caught by the trap, how efficiently they are intercepted, and how high the amount is of other insects caught (bycatches).
The document „Wirksamkeitstest Bremsenfalle“ resumes the investigations.
Publication: Why every fly counts
With the documentation about value and menace of insects illuminates Insect Respect founder Dr. Hans Dietrick Reckhaus the ambivalent relation between human and insect: Do we sense the animals as as useful or as damaging? What is their place in the world and for the diversity of species and ecosystems (biodiversity)? How will climate change and population development affect? Will the number of insects increase or decrease?
The managing director of the traditional biocide company Reckhaus dealt with the benefits, damage and development of insects fot three years. He summarizes the results in his new book „Why every fly counts“.